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Nov 17, 2017

Rental income tax is high in Peru


INDIVIDUAL TAXATION

Nonresidents are taxed only on their Peruvian-sourced income. Married couples are taxed separately.

INCOME TAX (Impuesto a la Renta)

Taxable income is classified into five categories, according to the nature of income. Rules in computing taxable income depend on the income classification.

  • First category: income from letting property
  • Second category: investment income (capital investments, dividends and royalties)
  • Third category: business income from a sole proprietorship and other income not specifically included in another category
  • Fourth category: income from independent professional services
  • Fifth category: employment income

Nonresidents are taxed at a flat rate of 30%. An official established tax unit (Unidad Impositiva Tributaria or UIT) is used to determine the tax liability. The UIT is a benchmark figure established to maintain the taxes, deductions, etc. at constant proportions to income. The UIT value for 2016 is PEN3,950 (US$1,162). The UIT value for 2017 is PEN4,050 (US$1,191).


RENTAL INCOME
Rental income earned by nonresidents is subject to a 30% flat rate. Nonresidents are not entitled to any deductions.

The annual rent from leased property in general may not be less than 6% of the value of the property established for the purposes of local taxes.

VALUE ADDED TAX (Impuesto General a las Ventas)

Generally, leasing properties in Peru is liable to VAT at 18%. However, if the leasing of property is not effectively connected with a trade or business, the lease transaction is then not liable to this tax.

CAPITAL GAINS
Capital gains earned by nonresidents from selling Peruvian property, considered as investment income, are taxed at a flat rate of 30%. The taxable gain is computed by deducting the invested capital (acquisition and improvement costs) from the gross selling price or market value of the property. These costs can only be deducted upon approval of the tax authorities.

MUNICIPAL SALES TAX (Impuesto de Promoción Municipal)

The rules regarding transactions subject to VAT also apply to municipal sales tax which is levied at a flat 2% rate.

PROPERTY TAX

Real Estate Tax (Impuesto Predial)

Real estate tax is levied on the cadastral value of the real estate, as assessed by the government, at progressive rates. The property owner is liable to pay this tax annually.

An official established tax unit (Unidad Impositiva Tributaria or UIT) is used to determine the tax liability. The UIT is a benchmark figure established to maintain the taxes, deductions, etc. at constant proportions to income. The UIT value for 2016 is PEN3,950 (US$1,162). The UIT value for 2017 is PEN4,050 (US$1,191).


REAL ESTATE TAX

TAX BASE, UIT (US$) TAX RATE
Up to 15 UIT 0.2%
15 UIT - 60 UIT 0.6% on band over 15 UIT
Over 60 UIT 1.0% on band over 60 UIT

REAL ESTATE TAX 2017

TAX BASE, PEN (US$) TAX RATE
Up to 60,750 (US$17,868) 0.2%
60,750 – 243,000 (US$71,471) 0.6% on band over US$17,868
Over 243,000 (US$71,471) 1.0% on band over US$71,471

REAL ESTATE TAX 2016

TAX BASE, PEN (US$) TAX RATE
Up to 59,250 (US$17,427) 0.2%
57,750 – 237,000 (US$69,706) 0.6% on band over US$17,427
Over 237,000 (US$69,706) 1.0% on band over US$69,706

Real estate tax is deductible for business income tax purposes.

Net Worth Tax

Net worth tax is levied at 0.4% on the net assets of entrepreneurs exceeding PEN1 million (US$317,460). This tax may be credited against business income tax liability.






Comments

#1 DENNIS FRANK | August 22, 2010

If a property was inherited and no rent was received prior to or since the date it was inherited, is the property considered as investment income under peruvian capital gains tax laws and therefore subject to the 30% tax when it is sold?

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