Key Property Investment Data: Europe

To help you compare the profitability of the buy-to-let property in the different countries, we have assembled a range of data.

These statistics and other data may look intimidating, but they are all relevant. They're key data - how much rent you will earn, how much you will be taxed, stamp duty, and other cots when you buy and sell (buy/sell costs) your rights in the face of awkward tenants (landlord rights), and how fast property prices and the country's economy have been growing. All columns are sortable for easy comparison.

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Key Property Investment Data

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Location Rental Yields Buy/Sell Costs Rental Income Tax Capital Gains Tax Price to Rent Ratio Landlord Rights House Price Increase 5 Years GDP/Cap Growth 5 Years Investment Ratings
Austria, Vienna 3.28% 10.55% 22.97% 30.00% 30 yrs Pro-tenant 30.28% 10.87% 2
Belgium, Brussels 4.20% 15.50% 8.11% 33.00% 24 yrs Pro-tenant 25.62% 11.94% 2
Bulgaria, Sofia 4.56% 7.70% 10.00% 10.00% 22 yrs Pro-Landlord 52.40% 56.94% 2
Croatia, Zagreb 4.59% 9.03% 10.00% 10.00% 22 yrs Neutral 60.35% 36.83% 3
Cyprus, Nicosia 4.93% 10.23% 0.00% 20.00% 20 yrs Pro-tenant 20.26% 7.44% 1
Czech Republic, Prague 3.95% 4.75% 15.00% 23.00% 25 yrs Pro-Landlord 60.50% 13.60% 2
Denmark, Copenhagen 4.28% 2.23% 52.07% 56.50% 23 yrs Strongly Pro-tenant 22.12% 3.47%
Estonia, Tallinn 4.74% 4.09% 20.00% 20.00% 21 yrs Pro-tenant 69.88% 34.66% 3
Finland, Helsinki 4.32% 6.85% 30.00% 34.00% 23 yrs Neutral 15.38% 8.63% 2
France, Paris 4.12% 13.50% 48.00% 36.20% 24 yrs Strongly Pro-tenant 21.93% 3.13% 2
Germany, Berlin 3.74% 13.08% 9.92% 26.37% 27 yrs Pro-tenant 31.58% 7.14% 3
Greece, Athens 5.22% 8.50% 22.00% 0.00% 19 yrs Neutral 69.62% 14.40% 1
Hungary, Budapest 5.09% 12.14% 15.00% 15.00% 20 yrs Neutral 46.09% 18.05% 4
Ireland, Dublin 7.85% 9.07% 10.05% 33.00% 13 yrs Pro-tenant 26.49% 45.06% 2
Italy, Milan 7.67% 24.59% 21.00% 43.00% 13 yrs Pro-tenant 1.62% 5.43% 3
Latvia, Riga 7.81% 6.00% 10.00% 20.00% 13 yrs Pro-Landlord 9.07% 41.16% 3
Lithuania, Vilnius 6.67% 3.44% 15.00% 20.00% 15 yrs Pro-tenant 66.61% 46.36% 2
Luxembourg 2.59% 12.07% 49.00% 42.00% 39 yrs Strongly Pro-tenant 51.70% 12.19% 1
Macedonia, Skopje 6.00% 5.95% 10.00% 10.00% 17 yrs Pro-Landlord 49.73% 23.31% 4
Malta, Valletta 3.66% 17.50% 35.00% 10.00% 27 yrs Pro-Landlord 19.15% 14.97% 1
Netherlands, Amsterdam 5.56% 7.35% 13.42% 0.30% 18 yrs Pro-tenant 44.52% 14.79% 4
Norway, Oslo 3.79% 4.68% 22.00% 22.00% 26 yrs Neutral 22.76% 22.04% 1
Poland, Warsaw 5.75% 5.13% 8.50% 19.00% 17 yrs Neutral 46.79% 28.43% 3
Portugal, Lisbon 4.83% 1.13% 28.00% 28.00% 21 yrs Pro-tenant 84.70% 10.35% 2
Romania, Bucharest 6.63% 10.82% 10.00% 0.00% 15 yrs Pro-Landlord 37.54% 48.65% 3
Russia 6.12% 25.11% 20.00% 20.00% 16 yrs Pro-tenant 70.96% 27.90% 2
Slovakia, Bratislava 5.29% 5.81% 19.00% 0.00% 19 yrs Neutral 67.01% 20.24% 3
Slovenia, Ljubljana 4.45% 5.46% 15.00% 20.00% 22 yrs Pro-Landlord 54.37% 22.84% 3
Spain, Madrid 6.17% 15.75% 19.00% 19.00% 16 yrs Strongly Pro-tenant 14.02% 2.58% 1
Sweden, Stockholm 5.68% 8.26% 20.00% 22.00% 18 yrs Strongly Pro-tenant 20.65% 2.03% 3
Switzerland, Zurich 3.05% 6.21% 60.00% 30.00% 33 yrs Pro-tenant 5.27% 15.46% 2
Turkey, Istanbul 6.36% 10.00% 27.15% 40.00% 16 yrs Pro-tenant 909.37% 25.49% 4
Ukraine 7.43% 6.03% 18.00% 18.00% 13 yrs Pro-Landlord 3.79% 49.26% 2
United Kingdom 6.21% 10.03% 20.00% 20.00% 16 yrs Pro-Landlord 21.87% 6.90% 2

The Global Property Guide's country ratings

The Global Property Guide uses country ratings to reflect our 'house view' on residential investment prospects in almost every investible country, ranging from to

Ratings of different countries can be compared in several ways:

  • Gross rental yield
  • Income tax
  • Capital gains tax
  • Round-trip transaction costs
  • Potential landlord and tenant problems
  • Long-term GDP growth
  • Potential over-supply
  • Affordability
  • A view of long-term appeal to investors