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Jun 12, 2014

Total transaction costs are low in Peru


How high are realtors’ and lawyers’ fees in Peru? What about other property purchase costs?

Transaction Costs

Who Pays?
Transfer Tax (Alcabala) 3.00% buyer
Notary Fees 0.0025% - 0.81% buyer
Registration Fee 0.30% buyer
Real Estate Agent’s Fee 3.00% - 5.00% seller
Costs paid by buyer 3.1025% - 4.06%
Costs paid by seller 3.00% - 5.00%
ROUNDTRIP TRANSACTION COSTS 6.1025% - 9.06%
See Footnotes
Source: Global Property Guide

How difficult is the property purchase process in Peru?

Foreign residents and nonresidents alike may buy Peruvian property. Investment in Peruvian real estate property does not require government approval, except if such property is close to Peru’s frontiers. Foreigners are restricted to own property near government installations and military bases.

Real estate ownership is generally absolute. It is recommended to be represented by a real estate agent during the transaction. The whole process of registering a property can be completed in around 6 to 16 days.

Transfer of real property must be made by public deed. Notary publics are obliged to report to the tax authorities all transfers they register. All deeds must be hand-written and kept in the notary’s registry.

To ensure that the title is clean, a Property Registry Certificate must be obtained from the property registry. This ascertains the property’s existence and information details, and if it is free of mortgage debt, liens, or any other encumbrance.

The Notary Public prepares and files the Sale Purchase Agreement (SPA), or “minuta”, for registration and to be converted to a public deed. It is advisable to use the option to “block” the property register for 60 days while the SPA has not yet been converted to a public deed. This can be done through a pre-emptive registration to prevent any third party filings.



Footnotes to transaction costs table


The round trip transaction costs include all costs of buying and then re-selling a property – lawyers’ fees, notaries’ fees, registration fees, taxes, agents’ fees, etc.

Transfer Tax
Transfer tax is generally levied at 3%. The tax base is the municipal value of the property exceeding the 10 official established tax units (UnidadImpositivaTributaria or UIT.The threshold amount is PEN38,000 (US$13,571) for 2014, and PEN37,000 (US$13,214) for 2013.

Notary Fee
Notary fees are levied at 0.10% to 0.25% of the property value.

Registration Fee
Registration fee is levied at 0.81% of 1 official established tax unit (UnidadImpositivaTributaria or UIT, plus 2.5/1000 or 0.0025% of the property value over 14 UIT. The threshold amount is PEN53,200(US$19,000) for 2014, and PEN51,800 (US$18,500) for 2013.






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