How to Buy Real Estate in Belgium (Guide)

Who is allowed to purchase property in Belgium? What costs are associated with it?

This article gives a brief overview of the real estate buying process in Belgium and the costs that come with it.

How difficult is the property purchase process in Belgium?

There are no foreign ownership restrictions in acquiring Belgian property.

After deciding what property to purchase, the prospective buyer signs an agreement to purchase (compromis de vente or verkoopcompromis). This immediately commits the buyer to purchase the property, given that the seller acts in good faith.

Belgium apartments houses property realestateThe buyer and the seller are each represented by a legal counsel or notary. There are fixed state-agreed costs for the services of the notary. These costs also vary depending on the property but on the average, it is around 1.6%.

In general, real estate can be acquired by simple agreement. Usually, a binding, private written contract (acte authentique or authentieke) is entered into subsequent to the notarized sales agreement. Such a contract is usually drafted by legal counsel and may contain conditions upon which the validity of the sale is dependent.

At this time, a deposit of usually 10% of the sale price is made, and placed into an escrow account until the notarized deed is issued. After the signing of the notarized deed by both parties, keys will change hands. The sale should then be registered with the official registry within four months of signing the deed, when duties of 12.5% of the sales price become due.

It takes an average of 62 days to complete the two procedures needed to register a property in Belgium.

Transaction Costs

Who Pays?
Registration Tax 10% - 12.50% buyer
Notary Fee 1.60% buyer
Real Estate Agent Fee 3.00% - 5.00% seller
Total costs paid by the buyer: 11.60% - 14.10%
Total costs paid by the seller: 3.00% - 5.00%
Total round-trip costs: 14.60% - 19.10%
See Footnotes
Source: Global Property Guide

Footnotes to Transaction Costs Table

Registration Tax
Registration tax of 12.5% is payable for most properties. Registration tax of 10% applies to Flanders. For downmarket properties with revenu cadastral/kadastral inkomen below €740, registration tax can be reduced to 6% (5% in Flanders).

For properties that are new i.e. less than two years old, a 21% VAT is payable by the buyer . Hence, new properties have a higher registration fee.