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Last Updated: Apr 01, 2015

Property prices in Belgium are rising again, after a short-lived decline in the first half of 2014. Nationwide, Belgian house prices rose by 1.13% (1.23% inflation-adjusted) y-o-y in 2014, based on Statistics Belgium figures. On a quarterly basis, house prices increased 1% (1.1% inflation-adjusted) in Q4 2014.

During 2014:
  • House prices rose by 2.42% (2.51% inflation-adjusted), after increases of 0.06% in 2013, 1.1% in 2012, 3.31% in 2011 and 5.05% in 2010.
  • Apartment prices increased slightly by 0.52% (0.62% inflation-adjusted) y-o-y, after a fall of 0.59% in 2013 and rises of 2.62% in 2012, 4.62% in 2011 and 5.43% in 2010
  • Villa prices rose by 1.82% (1.92% inflation-adjusted), an improvement from a decline of 1.03% in 2013, and a meagre increase of 0.25% in 2012

The purchase price of existing dwellings rose by 1.7% (1.8% inflation-adjusted) in 2014 from a year earlier. On the other hand, the price of new dwellings fell by 0.6% (-0.5% inflation-adjusted).† The average price of regular houses in Belgium stood at Ä202,137 in the third quarter of last year:
  • In Brussels-Capital region, house prices fell by 1.33% (-1.33% inflation-adjusted) to an average of Ä370,131
  • In the Flemish region (Flanders), house prices increased slightly by 0.15% (0.15% inflation-adjusted) to an average of Ä215,053
  • In the Walloon region (Wallonia), house prices rose by 1.57% (1.57% inflation-adjusted) to an average of Ä153,082

During Belgiumís housing boom (2000-Q3 2008), nationwide house prices soared by 129% (86% inflation-adjusted).

Belgium annual house price change graphSince the crisis, Belgian house prices have followed the economy.  In years when the economy was strong, house-prices rose.  When the economy was weak, house prices stagnated.  The Belgian economy expanded by 1% in 2014, the strongest growth since its 1.8% expansion in 2011, mainly due to growth in the industrial and construction sectors. The economy is projected to grow by 1.25% and 1.5% in 2015 and 2016, respectively, according to Rabobank Group.

Analysis of Belgium Residential Property Market »

Last Updated: Oct 29, 2015

Gross rental yields in Brussels range have remained steady over the past year. Gross rental on apartments in Brussels range from around 4.56% to 5.53%, while yields on houses range from 4.46% to 5.01%. Meanwhile, the difference between the yields on small properties, which tends to be higher, and those on larger properties, has shrunk.

Square metre (sq. m.) prices of apartments and houses in the prime districts of Brussels have been increasing, according to the latest survey of Global Property Guide. So too have rents.

All of the apartments and houses included in our survey are located in the prime areas of Brussels. The prime areas we took were Laeken, Nieder-over-Heembeck, Auderghem, Ixelles, St. Gilles, Uccle, Woluwe-St. Pierre, and Woluwe-St. Pierre. Our survey included around 2,300 apartments and houses.

The biggest reason that investors in Belgium will be discouraged is that round trip transaction costs are high for buyers of residential property. See our Belgium residential property transaction costs analysis and our Residential property transaction costs in Belgium compared to other countries

Read Rental Yields  »

Last Updated: Oct 29, 2015

Rental Income: Personal income tax range from 25% to 50%, depending on the taxable net income. The taxable net income is the cadastral value, increased by 40%, minus deductible expenses. As a result, the effective rental income tax is a bit lower than the headline rate, ranging from 9.22% to 23.07%.

Capital Gains: Capital gains tax of 16.5% is payable on gains on developed property held for less than five years. After a holding period of five years, no Capital Gains Tax is payable.

Inheritance: Inheritance tax rates in Belgium are progressive and vary according to the degree of kinship, region where the inheritance is opened, and the share inherited by each of the heirs.

Residents: Residents are taxed on worldwide income at progressive rates, from 25% to 50%.

Read Taxes and Costs  »

Last Updated: Oct 20, 2014

Closing costs are high in Belgium, between 14.60% and 27.60% of property value. The bulk of the cost is accounted for by transfer duties at 10% or 12.5%, depending on the propertyís location. Roundtrip costs for new properties are much higher because of the 21% VAT.

Read Buying Guide  »

Last Updated: May 30, 2006

Belgian law is pro-tenant.

Rents: Rents can be freely negotiated but rent increases above the inflation rate cannot be written into the contract. If there is a written contract, the rent will be automatically adapted once a year in accordance with the cost of living. Deposit payments must not exceed three monthís rent.

Tenant Security: Belgiumís landlord and tenant law is restrictive as regards the length of rental contracts. The main options for the duration of a lease are: a contract of 9 years and, alternatively, a contract for less than three years.

Read Landlord and Tenant  »

Last Updated: Apr 01, 2015

Belgian economy gradually recovering

BelgiumBelgium, with more than 11 million people, is the sixth-largest economy in the Eurozone. The country has a GDP per capita of US$7,164 in 2014, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Brussels, the capital, is the headquarters of the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Belgiumís economy grew by 1% from in 2014, according to the National Bank of Belgium (NBB), the strongest figure since its 1.8% expansion in 2011, mainly due to growth in the industrial and construction sectors. The economy is projected to grow by 1.25% and 1.5% in 2015 and 2016, respectively, according to Rabobank Group.

From 1997 to 2007, the country enjoyed a healthy economic growth of about 2.4% per year.† But since the crisis growth has been weak.† GDP growth was 0.99% in 2008, -2.8% in 2009, 2.3% in 2010, 1.8% in 2011, - 0.14% in 2012, and 0.2% in 2013, mainly due to the adverse impact of the eurozone debt crisis, according to Belgostat.

BelgiumIn 2014, the countryís seasonally adjusted unemployment rate stood at 8.5%, according to the NBB. †The jobless rate for men was 8.9% in January 2015 while it was 8.1% for women.

Falling inflation remains a concern, as elsewhere in the eurozone.  In February 2015, Belgiumís inflation rate was -0.4%, based on figures from the NBB. The country had an average annual inflation rate of 2% from 2010 to 2014, according to the IMF.

In 2014, the countryís budget deficit was estimated at about - 3.3% of GDP, according to the National Bank of Belgium. Belgiumís gross national debt amounted to 102% of GDP in 2014, the highest level since 2002.

  • Strong demand for rental units
  • Moderate to high transaction costs
  • Tiresome tenancy length limits
  • Moderate to high taxes
Price (sq.m): €3,023 For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rental Yield: 4.87% For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rent/month: €1,471 For a 120 sq. m. property.
Income Tax: 9.22% Assumptions: Owners are a non-resident couple drawing US$ / €1,500 per month in rent, with no other local income.
Roundtrip Cost: 22.15% The total cost of buying and then reselling an apartment. Includes:

* all transaction taxes and charges:
* lawyers' and notaries' fees
* agents' fees

Assumptions: The buyers are non-resident foreigners. The apartment cost US$250,00 / €250,000.
Cap Gains Tax: n.a. Assumptions: The property was bought for US$250,000 / €250,000, and sold 10 years later, after a 100% appreciation.
Landlord and Tenant Law: Pro-Tenant Rating is based on a detailed study of each country’s law and practice.

Baltics Real Estate Market Overview 2016 - Colliers International

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