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Europe: Landlord and tenant laws

The amount of control the landlord has over his property, measured on a five-point rating scale:

  • Strongly Pro-landlord = 2
  • Pro-landlord = 1
  • Neutral = 0
  • Pro-tenant = -1
  • Strongly Pro-tenant= -2


We look at factors such as the following:

  • Can rents be freely agreed between landlord and tenant?
  • Can the landlord collect security and rental deposits, and are the amounts limited?
  • Must contracts be for specified periods? Can either landlord or tenant terminate early, and what are the penalties for early termination? Does the tenant have a right to extend?
  • Does the court system work? How long can it take to evict a tenant for non-payment of rent?


For fuller details see the Data FAQ. The resulting rating is the Global Property Guide's view, and not necessarily that of the contributing law firm (in cases where we have asked law firms for contributions and input).

Source: Contributing Law Firms

Strongly Pro Tenant Pro Tenant Neutral Pro Landlord Strongly Pro Landlord
Malta
Slovenia
Romania
Latvia
Bulgaria
North Macedonia
Czech Rep.
Hungary
Croatia
Finland
Poland
Greece
Slovak Rep.
Norway
Germany
Belgium
Ireland
Switzerland
Cyprus
Netherlands
Austria
Lithuania
Estonia
Portugal
Italy
Turkey
Sweden
Luxembourg
Denmark
Spain
France
Strongly Pro Tenant Pro Tenant Neutral Pro Landlord Strongly Pro Landlord
*n.a. means there is not enough data to show a valid result