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Last Updated: Feb 03, 2014




House prices are still falling in Italy, although the decline slowed during the past two quarters. House prices in Italy have been on a declining trend for almost five years.  Italy’s house price index fell by 6.54% during the year to Q3 2013, according to Eurostat. When adjusted for inflation, the index actually declined by 7.58%.

Property sales weakened during the third quarter of 2013, with home sales declining by around 6.6% y-o-y, as reported by ANSA. However the decline was less than the previous quarter, with sales declining by 7.7% in Q2 2013, and lower than the 8.3% y-o-y during the first half of the year. In 2013, Nomisma estimates that transactions will be around 407,000, a sharp decline from around 869,000 in 2006.

House prices will continue to fall for the next two years, according to Luca Dondi, Nomisma’s Managing Director. House price increases are unlikely in less than three to five years, but they will be preceded by a recovery in the commercial real estate market which is expected to occur in 2015.

The Italian economy was still in the doldrums in 2013, with GDP falling 1.8% due to a reduction in domestic demand. The economic outlook for Italy is better in 2014, with growth expected to be around 0.7%.

From 2000 to H1 2008, house prices rose 85% (53% inflation-adjusted), based on figures from Nomisma. However, house prices started to fall in H2 2008, mainly due to the global financial meltdown. From H2 2008 to 2011, house prices fell 8.6% (-14.3% inflation-adjusted).


Italy house price graph Deterring the housing market recovery is the recently introduced property tax TASI, which will affect main and secondary homes, which is tied to a garbage tax and an existing tax on secondary homes.

"The Italian real estate market is still on the mend and the new tax system will reduce the profitability of buying a house to rent it," according to Scenari Immobiliari’s founder and president, Mario Breglia.

Analysis of Italy Residential Property Market »


RENTAL YIELDS
Last Updated: Jun 28, 2014



In the historical centre of Rome, apartments now cost between €6,000 and €6,153 per square metre (sq. m.), significantly down on last year, and even more down on the year before. The property slump was caused by a number of factors, including the euro zone crisis and austerity measures like higher property taxes such as the Imposta Municipale Unica (IMU) - in English, the Local Property Tax.

Prices of apartments. Apartments in the wealthy suburbs of Rome cost on average between €3,900 to €4,900 per sq. m.. A 120 sq. m. apartment in the suburbs would cost around €3,900 per sq. m.

A 120 sq. m. apartment in Milan would cost on average €5,600 per sq. m. Milan apartment prices range from €4,900 per sq. m. to €6,200 per sq. m.

Rents of apartments. In the historical centre of Rome, monthly rents range from €18 to €21 per sq. m., so you can rent a 120 sq. m. apartment here for around €2,400 per month.

In Milan, monthly rents range from €13 to €17 per sq. m., so you can rent a 120 sq. m. apartment here for around €1,600 per month.

In the suburbs of Rome, rents range from €13 to €17 per sq. m. per month. So again, a 120 sq. m. apartment can be rented for around €1,600 per month.

Rental returns. Gross rental yields on apartments in Rome and Milan are poor. Larger apartments return poorer rental yields then smaller apartments. This is true in either of Italy’s two most important cities.

Gross rental yields on apartments in Rome’s historical centre range from 3.54% (200 sq. m.) to 4.22% (50 sq. m.).

In the suburbs, rental yields range from 3.25% (200 sq. m.) to 4.56% (50 sq. m.).

Apartments in Milan return rental yields of between 2.90% (200 sq. m.) to 4.10% (50 sq. m.).

Conclusion: Property prices are beginning to look attractive. But gross rental yields are very poor, and Italy’s predatory taxation system doesn’t help.

Read Rental Yields  »



TAXES AND COSTS
Last Updated: Nov 08, 2013



Rental Income: Nonresidents are taxed on rental income earned in Italy. The rates range from 23% to 43%. Personal allowances for spouse and family are not available to nonresidents, but certain deductions may be granted.

Capital Gains: Capital gains are not taxed if the property was held for more than five years. Otherwise capital gains are considered as ordinary income and taxed at progressive rates.

Inheritance: Inheritance taxes are levied at 4% to 8%, depending on the relationship between the deceased and the beneficiary, with non-taxable threshold amounts.

Residents: Residents are taxed on their worldwide income. at progressive rates, from 23% to 43%.

Read Taxes and Costs  »



BUYING GUIDE
Last Updated: Nov 07, 2013



Total round-trip transaction costs in Italy range from 8.84% to 22.60% of the property value. Registration tax is 3% for main homes and 7% for second homes. Nonresident buyers pay a fixed registration tax of 7%. The real estate agent’s commission is between 3% and 8% plus 21% VAT; typically split between buyer and seller.

Read Buying Guide  »



LANDLORD AND TENANT
Last Updated: Dec 09, 2007



Because of strongly pro-tenant landlord & tenant laws, the rental market is shrinking.

Rents: Rents can initially be freely negotiated, but increases are restricted. Landlords can only increase the rent after the initial 4-year contract.

Tenant Security: Tenants have the right to controlled rents, and effectively eight years or more of security of tenure. A landlord may only serve a disdetta - a registered letter of notice which must be sent at least six months before contract expiry - to coincide with the end of the standard 4 years. Failure to do so automatically renews the contract for another 4 years.

Read Landlord and Tenant  »



ECONOMIC GROWTH
Last Updated: Feb 03, 2014


Better economic outlook in 2014

Italy luxury housesThe Italian economy was still in recession in 2013, with a real GDP contraction of 1.8% due to the decline in domestic demand. The fall was partly offset by external demand’s positive contribution to the economy. It is expected to bounce back in 2014 with an expected growth of 0.7%, with an expected positive private consumption and an increase in investments.

Italy’s economy went back into recession in 2012 as real GDP contracted by 2.4%, and was preceded by a slowdown with a meager growth of 0.4% in 2011, due to the euro zone debt crisis. All these happened after the country just went back to 1.7% growth in 2010 from the 2009 recession.

The country became one of the first euro zone victim of the global financial meltdown of 2008. The economy contracted by 1.2% in 2008 and by another 5.5% in 2009. But even before the global crisis, the Italian economy had already been growing sluggishly, with an average real GDP growth rate of 1.26% from 2001 to 2007.

Italy GDP unemploymentItaly is euro zone’s third largest economy with a total population of almost 61 million and a GDP per capita of US$ 33,909 in 2013. However, the country’s public debt is also remarkably large, at around an expected 130.4% debt-to-GDP ratio in 2013. Since 2007, public debt in Italy steadily increased, rising from 103% of GDP to 127% of GDP in 2012, and currently has one of the highest debt in the euro zone.

In 2012, the budget deficit was reduced to about 2.9% of GDP, down from 3.9% of GDP in 2011, 4.6% in 2010 and 5.4% in 2009. In 2013, budget deficit target was slashed to 1.5% and should have a deficit within the European Union’s 3% of GDP ceiling in 2014.

In November 2013, Italy’s overall unemployment rate reached a record high of 12.7%, up from October’s rate of 12.5%. Both are far higher than the annual average of 7.5% from 2004 to 2011, according to ISTAT. Overall unemployment in 2013 was expected to be at 12.1% and might rose up to 12.4% in 2014, despite an expected bounce back from recession this year.

In December 2013, the overall inflation increased by 0.7% from the previous year, and was also up by 0.2% from the previous month. The average inflation rate for 2013 was 1.2%, according to ISTAT.







  • Europes historical center
  • Strong tourist rental market
  • Strongly pro-tenant laws
  • High roundtrip transaction costs
  • High income taxes
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY FACTS
Price (sq.m): €6,188 For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rental Yield: 3.84% For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rent/month: €2,376 For a 120 sq. m. property.
Income Tax: n.a. Assumptions: Owners are a non-resident couple drawing US$ / €1,500 per month in rent, with no other local income.
Roundtrip Cost: 22.60% The total cost of buying and then reselling an apartment. Includes:

* all transaction taxes and charges:
* lawyers' and notaries' fees
* agents' fees

Assumptions: The buyers are non-resident foreigners. The apartment cost US$250,00 / €250,000.
Cap Gains Tax: n.a. Assumptions: The property was bought for US$250,000 / €250,000, and sold 10 years later, after a 100% appreciation.
Landlord and Tenant Law: Pro-Tenant Rating is based on a detailed study of each country’s law and practice.

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