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Regional Statistics

Last Updated: Mar 12, 2007

Tanzania's expat housing market is small

The expatriate market in Dar es Salaam is relatively small and dominated by employees of donor agencies and other multilateral institutions. Although relatively stable, Tanzania remains one of the poorest countries in the world.

The small expatriate market is concentrated along the coastal areas of Oyster Bay. The supply of good quality housing is extremely limited; expansion or contraction of an embassy or donor institution directly influences demand and pricing in the short run.

The supply of upper and middle level residential units is between 6,000 and 8,000 units, Knight Frank reports. There are new constructions and developments that are expected to put a further squeeze on rents.

Non-citizens may only acquire land (leasehold) for investment purposes, subject to the approval of the Tanzania Investment Center (TIC) for the mainland or the Zanzibar Investment Promotion Authority (ZIPA) for Zanzibar. All land in Tanzania is owned by the state, and can only be leased to individuals for five to 99 years.

Last Updated: Dec 20, 2005

Yields are relatively high at around 9% to 12%, because supply of good quality property is so limited. The rent for a 200 sq. m property on the mainland would be around TZS1.77 million (US$1,358) per month, or around Tanzanian shilling (TZS) 7,000 to TZS 8,800 (US$5 – US$7) per square metre (sq. m).

The rent for a 200 sq. m beach estate in Zanzibar would be about TZS2.36 million (US$1,811) monthly. Yields here too are around 9% to 12%.

Read Rental Yields  »

Last Updated: Apr 10, 2013

Rental Income: Nonresidents are liable to pay tax on their rental income earned in Tanzania. Net rental income is taxed at the corporate tax rate of 30%.

Capital Gains: Capital gains from the disposal of Tanzanian assets by non-residents are taxed at 20%.

Inheritance: No inheritance or gift taxes are levied in Tanzania.

Residents: Resident individuals are taxed on their globally-sourced income at progressive rates, up to 30%.

Read Taxes and Costs  »

Last Updated: Apr 10, 2013

The total round-trip transaction cost is around 9.26% to 19.26%, with the real estate agent’s commission at around 5% - 10%. The notary fee is usually 3%.

Read Buying Guide  »

Last Updated: Mar 19, 2007

Tanzania’s rental market practice is pro-landlord. Rents are freely determined. Advance payments can reach up to 6 months or one year, the legal limit is only two months’ rent. Because the formal, legal eviction process can take years or decades to conclude, landlords often resort to intimidation, threats and violence to evict tenants.

Read Landlord and Tenant  »

Last Updated: Mar 12, 2007

Poverty and separation issues linger

Tanzania was created by the union of the mainland Tanganyika and the island of Zanzibar in 1964. Mainland Tanzania offers exciting safaris, scenic national parks, and tropical rainforests. Tourists often flock the mainland to experience the thrilling climb to the famous Mount Kilimanjaro.

Meanwhile, the islands of Zanzibar offer a more relaxing atmosphere. Nestled in the vast Indian Ocean, visitors can bask in endless sand, sea, and surf in the two main islands of Unguja and Pemba. But remember, although the Zanzibaris are very hospitable people, tourists should be very sensitive to their culture and religion. With 95% of the population Muslim, tourists are expected to dress conservatively when away from the beach.

The economy is still highly dependent on agriculture and foreign aid. However in recent years, the transition towards a multi-party democracy has led to the government adopting more liberal economic policies to attract foreign direct investment. The average annual GDP growth from 2000 to 2005 was a healthy 6.5%. The economy grew 6.9% in 2005.

Inflation was at historic low of 4.1% in 2005, down from 47.7% in 1988.

Real GDP per capita increased by 43.3% between 1984 and 2005. Despite these gains, however, the poverty rate is still high at 74%. Because of the prolonged drought in 2006, over 3 million people were at risk of starvation.

There are moves for Zanzibar’s separation from the 40 year union. In 2005, the president of Zanzibar inaugurated a new flag. Zanzibar has had its own parliament, laws and president since the start of the union.

  • High yields in main centers
  • Pro-landlord rental market
  • Unstable union w/ Zanzibar
  • High rental income tax rate
  • Limits on alien land ownership
Price (sq.m): $700 For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rental Yield: 8.57% For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rent/month: n.a. For a 120 sq. m. property.
Income Tax: 31.45% Assumptions: Owners are a non-resident couple drawing US$ / €1,500 per month in rent, with no other local income.
Roundtrip Cost: 11.85% The total cost of buying and then reselling an apartment. Includes:

* all transaction taxes and charges:
* lawyers' and notaries' fees
* agents' fees

Assumptions: The buyers are non-resident foreigners. The apartment cost US$250,00 / €250,000.
Cap Gains Tax: 719.00% Assumptions: The property was bought for US$250,000 / €250,000, and sold 10 years later, after a 100% appreciation.
Landlord and Tenant Law: Pro-Landlord Rating is based on a detailed study of each country’s law and practice.

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