Buying real estate in Finland as a foreigner
Taxation Researcher | January 12, 2023
Who can buy property in Finland? How high are realtors´ and lawyers´ fees? What about other property purchase costs?This article will give an overview of all the extra costs, taxes and legal fees associated with buying real estate in Finland. But first, let’s take a look at the whole process of buying property.
How difficult is the property purchase process in Finland?
In 2000 the government removed the requirement that a nonresident must obtain a permit to buy a secondary residential property in Finland, putting foreigners on exactly the same footing as Finns. However, foreigners are restricted from acquiring property in the Province of Aland (Ahvenanmaa), an archipelago. Foreigners need to ask permission from the Finns to purchase property in this archipelago. Of Finland´s population of 5.1 million, 1.1 million lives in Helsinki (of the 31% of all dwellings which are in the rented sector, 52% are social housing, mostly owned by local authorities).
Upon choosing a property the buyer should examine all documents related to property e.g. certificate of title. After the buyer has determined that the property reaches his standards, negotiation commences. Thereafter, a preliminary agreement binding to both parties is drawn.
The conveyance or transfer of real estate is attested by a notary who will confirm the identities of the buyer and seller or their representatives, if any.
When the buyer has received title to the real estate, he/she becomes liable to apply for legal confirmation of title. The claim for the title is submitted to the district court in whose judicial district the real estate is located.
The claim for title must be made within six months of the completion of the deed of sale. When the title is released the transaction is formally at its end.
It takes an average of 32 days to complete all the three procedures needed to register a property in Finland.
Which costs to take into account when purchasing real estate in Finland?
|Real Property Transfer Tax||4%||buyer|
|Estate Agents´ Commission||3% - 5% (+24% VAT)||seller|
|Costs paid by buyer||4.05%|
|Costs paid by seller||3.72% - 6.20%|
|ROUNDTRIP TRANSACTION COSTS||7.77% - 10.25%|
| See Footnotes
Source: Global Property Guide
Footnotes to Transaction Costs Table
The round trip transaction costs include all costs of buying and then re-selling a property - lawyers´ fees, notaries´ fees, registration fees, taxes, agents´ fees, etc.
Real Property Transfer Tax:
Real property tax is levied at 4% of the property value. There are cases where this is included in the selling price particularly when the sale involves an agent.
Registration fees include notarization of the deed of sale, and registration fee for title at the District Court.
Real Estate Agent´s Fee
The real estate agent´s commission is around 3% to 4%, plus 24% VAT, for single detached houses, and 5%, plus 24% VAT, for apartments.
Lawyers are widely used by buyers and sellers but are not compulsory. Lawyers are remunerated through a fixed or hourly fee. The cost is minimal compared to the value of the property.