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Last Updated: Aug 24, 2016

Lima's housing prices rose 9.08% to PEN 6,124 per square metre (US$ 1,829) in 2015 (up 4.48% in real terms) according to the Central†Reserve†Bank†of†Peru (BCRP).

However this year's house price rises were lower than in the past five years, due to the slowdown of the economy in 2014-5, larger caused by plunging copper prices:
  • In 2010, residential property prices rose by 15.18% y-o-y (12.83% in real terms);
  • In 2011, residential property prices rose by 17.89% y-o-y (12.56% in real terms);
  • In 2012, residential property prices rose by 18.13% y-o-y (15.09% in real terms);
  • In 2013, residential property prices rose by 15.49% y-o-y (12.28% in real terms);
  • In 2014, residential property prices rose by 12.03% y-o-y (8.53% in real terms).
  • In 2015, residential property prices rose by 9.08% y-o-y (4.58% in real terms).

In 2016, housing prices in Lima are predicted to rise between 2.5% and 5%, according to the Peruvian Chamber of Construction's (Capeco) President, Ricardo Arbulķ.
More housing sales
Though housing price rises moderated in 2015, sales increased. Home sales in Lima and Callao rose by 15% y-o-y in 2015 with around 12,708 houses sold, according to the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation (MVCS).

Sales increases affected all socioeconomic strata, according to MVCS head Francisco Dumler, with construction companies apparently correctly adapting supply to demand. Dumler predicts a 7% increase in home sales in 2016, with around 13,500 new home sales. Around 65% of companies surveyed by Capeco expect sales to rise in 2016, and 47% of promoters expect that investments in new projects this year will rise by more than 10%.

Peru house pricesThe† housing market is likely to be stimulated by a change in the Pension Fund Administrators' Law (AFP Law), which now allows AFP members to withdraw 25% of their fund to finance their first property.

Foreign residents and nonresidents alike may buy Peruvian property. Investment in Peruvian property does not require government approval, except if such property is close to Peruís frontiers. Foreigners cannot own property near government installations and military bases.

Analysis of Peru Residential Property Market »

Last Updated: Sep 12, 2016

Property prices in Peru have risen significantly over the past few years.

Smaller apartment sizes typically cost around US$1,900 per square metre, with larger apartments US$2,000 per square metre.

How much can you earn?† Rental yields in Lima are much less good than they used to be. Yields on smaller apartments have fallen over several years from an amazing 13% to around 6% for 120 square metre (sq. m.) apartments.† By regional standards house price to rent ratios in Peru are comparatively high.† 6% is not a bad yield, however. †Smaller apartments are likely to yield more.

The currency risk. In currency terms, Peruís Sol has somewhat depreciated over the last four years, but by less than the Chilean Peso, Brazilean Real, let alone (heaven forbid!) by as much as the Argentinian Peso.

Round trip transaction costs are moderate in Peru. See our† property transaction costs analysis for Peru and property transaction costs in Peru, compared to the rest of Latin America.

Read Rental Yields  »

Last Updated: May 20, 2016

Rental Income: Rental income is taxed at flat rate of 30%, without any deductions.

Additionally, leasing real estate in Peru is subject to VAT at 18%. VAT is imposed when legal entities (individuals and corporations), resident or not, rent out Peruvian properties.

Capital Gains: Gains earned by nonresidents selling Peruvian property are taxed at a flat rate of 30%.

Inheritance: There are no inheritance or gift taxes in Peru.

Residents: Residents are taxed on their worldwide income at progressive rates, from 15% to 30%.

Read Taxes and Costs  »

Last Updated: May 23, 2016

Total round trip transaction costs, i.e. the total cost of buying and selling a property, are between 6.10% and 9.06%. The biggest cost is the estate agentís fee, which is between 3% and 5%. Five procedures must be completed to register property, which can be accomplished in about 6 to 16 days.

Read Buying Guide  »

Last Updated: Jun 05, 2006

Rent: Although rents may be freely agreed by the landlord and the tenant, strong security of tenure is given to the tenant.

Tenant Eviction: Legal proceedings to evict the tenant can be burdensome and highly time-consuming (even tedious).

Read Landlord and Tenant  »

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2016

Stronger economic expansion and higher mining production in 2016

The Peruvian economy achieved 3.3% growth in 2015, beating the IMF's earlier forecast of 2.8%, due to strong fishing and mining sector output. Copper production was up 68% monthly in December, due to the opening of Las Bambas mine and the expansion of the Cerro Verde mine, so that the mining and energy sector saw 9.3% growth in 2015. Fishing production rose by 82.5% during the year to December 2015, according to Peru Reports.

2014's 2.4% GDP growth was Peruís weakest since 2009 (1% GDP growth) due to declining investment and weak external demand for copper. Prior to that, the country had enjoyed strong growth: 8.5% in 2010; 6.5% in 2011; 6% in 2012; and 5.9% in 2013, according to the IMF.

The central bank expects economic growth of 4% in 2016.

"Because of the increase in mining we are expecting the biggest contribution to growth next year will be coming from exports," said Central Reserve Bank of Peru governor Julio Velarde. The mining industry accounted for around 14% of Peru's GDP in 2014. Mineral exports amounted to US$ 16 billion during the same year.

"Looking ahead, we expect economic activity to continue picking up in 2016. Mining output should continue to increase as a number of new mines become fully operational and ongoing government infrastructure projects should eventually provide some support to the beleaguered construction sector. Whatís more, we expect monetary policy to remain fairly accommodative as interest rates are hiked only gradually over the course of this year," says Capital Economics.

In June 2016, inflation was around 3.3%, the lowest inflation rate since April 2015. Unemployment was 6.7% in June 2016, according to the Central†Reserve†Bank†of†Peru (BCRP), down from 7.6% the previous month, but still higher than 5.4% in June 2015.

  • High yields in Lima
  • Low transaction costs
  • High rental income tax
  • Pro-tenant rental market
  • Volatile political situation
Price (sq.m): $1,915 For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rental Yield: 5.77% For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rent/month: $1,104 For a 120 sq. m. property.
Income Tax: 30.00% Assumptions: Owners are a non-resident couple drawing US$ / €1,500 per month in rent, with no other local income.
Roundtrip Cost: 7.99% The total cost of buying and then reselling an apartment. Includes:

* all transaction taxes and charges:
* lawyers' and notaries' fees
* agents' fees

Assumptions: The buyers are non-resident foreigners. The apartment cost US$250,00 / €250,000.
Cap Gains Tax: 30.00% Assumptions: The property was bought for US$250,000 / €250,000, and sold 10 years later, after a 100% appreciation.
Landlord and Tenant Law: Pro-Tenant Rating is based on a detailed study of each country’s law and practice.

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