The province of Zamora Chinchipe is largely characterized by its diverse ethnic groups, its booming mining industry, its rich biodiversity, and natural wonders that include a number of beautiful, roaring waterfalls. Zamora Chinchipe only has 76,000 inhabitants, making it one of the least populated provinces in Ecuador.
The Spaniards founded the province’s capital town of Zamora in 1549. Their occupation, however, was short-lived; the indigenous groups in the area successfully reclaimed it not long after its invasion. The Podocarpus National Park, one of the most biodiverse places in the world, is in Zamora.
Zamora has been experiencing a steady growth in the past few years owing to the discovery of gold here. Two gold mines outside Zamora are found in the small towns of Nambija and Zumbi.