Situated in the southeastern portion of the Czech Republic is the South Moravian Region. Its capital city, Brno, is the second largest city in the country. Because it borders Austria and Slovakia, the region has been an important junction for routes traveling east to west and from north to south. Brno’s Tuřany Airport is the second largest airport in the Czech Republic.
Among the beautiful natural sites in the region are the protected biosphere reserves of the Dolní Morava, the White Carpathian Mountains, and the Moravian Karst, noted for the deep Macocha Gorge and its network of stalactite caves. Famous archaeological sites include Dolní Věstonice, where a Paleolithic Venus ceramic figurine was found, and Mikulčice, the site of prehistoric, ancient and medieval settlements.
In recent years, the region has gained prominence as a centre for telecommunications, computer technology, software development and other high-tech industries.
The South Moravian Region’s fertile lands is conducive to grape-growing. It is recognized as a top wine region, accounting for more than 96% of the Czech Republic’s vineyard area.
At the concourse of the Svitava and Svratka Rivers, Brno is the political and cultural centre of the South Moravian Region. It is also the seat of the nation’s judiciary, having the Supreme Court, Constitutional Court, Supreme Administrative Court, and the Supreme Prosecutor’s Court. Some fine schools and the Czech Republic’s second largest airport, Tuřany Airport, are also in Brno.
Brno has a high-quality industrial base and a highly developed service sector. Businesses in Brno include real estate agencies, banks, insurance companies, auditing and consulting firms, and call centres. Major international companies like IBM and Siemens have offices here as well.
Brno’s tourist attractions include its vineyards and wine cellars, the Moravian Karst and its system of stalactite caves, the Mies van der Rohe-designed Villa Tugendhat, the castle and fortifications of Spilberk, and the Augustinian Monastery and Basilica of the Assumption of Our Lady.
The southern section of Brno has been reserved for building and skyscraper construction. The central part has been allotted for residential development, on account of the increasing demand for quality properties. Also to be constructed in these residential sections are small offices and shops along pedestrian streets.