The island of Rum Cay was a popular site for 19th century rum-runners and was also the location of a shipwreck carrying a cargo of rum. Today, it is known for its stunning, secluded white sand beaches, deep blue waters, rolling hills and the cave engravings of the ancient Arawak people.

The only settlement on Rum Cay is Port Nelson on the southern coast. Other settlements, such as Port Boyd, Gin Hill, Times Cove, Black Rock, Monroe, Carmichael, and Nicholas Village, remain as prominent ruins. They used to be farming communities specializing in the cultivation of cotton and pineapples.

Notable attractions in Rum Cay include Grand Canyon and its 60-foot coral walls, the staghorn corals of Sumner Point Reef, and the diving area Pinder’s Spot. The Underwater Museum of the Bahamas is actually the wreck of the 101-gun British man-of-war H.M.S. Conqueror, which sank in 30 feet of water off Rum Cay in 1861.