The high heel of the fashionable Italian boot, the southeastern region of Apulia is characterized by hot dry plains, rolling hills, a low coast and some mountains. There are some beaches and woods here. Its climate makes it ideal for growing olives, grapes, and wheat, and it is Italy's main producer of olive oil and wine. In Apulia, vineyards, wheat fields and olive groves stretch as far as the eye can see. Another distinctive Apulian sight are the i Trulia which are small,whitewashed, conical barns that dot the fields and groves. Agriculture is its mainstay but this region has also become more industrialized in recent years.
With its typical Mediterranean climate, the summers here are very long and hot, which could be a problem especially since there has long been a shortage of drinking water here.