The administrative district of Prague 2 (a prime area) is more of a residential district than Prague 1. It includes the entire area of Vyšehrad and parts of Vinohrady, Nové Město (New Town) and Nusle.

Vinohrady got its name when vineyards were cultivated in the area on orders of the king in the 14th century. They flourished for 400 years before being replaced by rose gardens and orchards, and then houses and residential buildings. Vinohrady is a beautiful residential area, its buildings in the Neo-Renaissance, Art Nouveau, Baroque and Neo-Gothic styles.

Nové Město stretches eastward from the Vltava River and south of the National Theater. The neighbourhood exudes a chic urban atmosphere that has led to its designation as the “Soho of Prague”. Like Vinohrady, late 19th and early 20th century buildings abound in this area. The centre of the neighbourhood is the lovely, green Charles Square. On one side of it is the Gothic Town Hall, and on another is the Church of St Ignatius.

Vyšehrad is the site of the ruins of a medieval fortress and the Czech National Cemetery.