An important trade centre in the 19th century, Kirovohrad was famous for being the birthplace of the first professional theatrical company in Eastern and Central Ukraine. Today, the oblast is a railway and motorway junction. It has a population of about 270,000.

Kirovohrad has radon deposits and mineral water reserves, which along with its forest areas, meadows and pleasant climate, is a popular site for recreational resorts.

Kirovohrad City

Kirovohrad City was once the centre of agricultural and light industries in Ukraine. It retains its agricultural functions and added machine building and food-processing to its activities, but more importantly it serves as a railway and motorway junction.

Soviet-era industrial and Russian neoclassical architectures have remained in the city. Interesting sites are the Lenin monument, the railway station building, the city church, and the local history museum.