The small region of Karlovy Vary has the fewest inhabitants of any region in the Czech Republic. It is a predominantly industrial region, producing raw materials are used in construction, energy, mining, forestry, and fine porcelain and glassware manufacturing. Most of the employment in the Karlovy Vary Region is provided by these industries. A small percentage of the population is composed of farmers growing cereal grains and corn, and breeding cattle.
However, the region is best known for its underground network of hot and cold springs. These thermal waters under Karlovy Vary bring many tourists to the region, particularly to its capital, Karlovy Vary. The springs are believed to have therapeutic properties that alleviate digestive tract, metabolic, and some arthritic disorders. The city and other spa towns such as Mariánské Lázně and Františkovy Lázně are also noted for their well-preserved old buildings and monuments.
Karlovy Vary (also known as Karlsbad) is the country’s most famous spa city. A network of therapeutic thermal springs consist of 13 main springs, around 300 smaller springs, and the warm waters of the Tepiá River has brought many visitors to Karlovy Vary. Much of Karlovy Vary’s prosperity is attributed to these famous spas, and which has become a cosmopolitan centre with fine hotels, sports centres, and spa treatment centres.
Karlovy Vary has an international film festival and is Karlovarská Becherovka, a traditional spirit, and the fine glassworks of Moser Glass.