Japan’s considerable contributions to pop culture do not fully reflect its rich, complex character and everything that makes up the Japanese identity—its long imperial history, its distinctive language, its Shinto and Buddhist practices, its fine cuisine and exquisite art, its discipline and work ethic, its fascinating samurai culture, its role in the two World Wars, the timelessness of its rural provinces, and the modern, urban chaos of its capital, Tokyo. Japan is endlessly fascinating.

Japan’s location at the edge of the Northern Asia-Pacific region contributes to its varying climates and diverse geographic landscape. There are six identified climatic zones, with the southern region of Kyushu having milder climate, while the northern island of Hokkaido is known for its harsh weather conditions during winter time.

The island-archipelago belongs to the Pacific Ring of Fire, which has also made it vulnerable to earthquakes and volcanic activities. Tremors are frequent and tsunamis occasionally take place in certain areas.

About three-fourths of Japan’s land is covered with mountains and rolling terrain.  Japan's shortage of cultivable land has made the agricultural industry highly protected, and farmers have also had to engage in non-farming activities.

Japan is one of the economic and political superpowers of Asia and the world. At present, its economy depends highly on banking, telecommunications, retailing and real estate. Its main products include automobiles, electronics, steel and machine tools. Japan has among the top purchasing power parities in the world. 

With a population of more than 127 million and a shortage in land supply, Japan's metropolitan areas are extremely dense. Real estate developments tend to create suburban zones.  In rural places, though, most developments are mainly according to the dominant industries in the region.

Japan is very well-connected and has efficient transportation infrastructure, particularly the railway and its air transport systems.