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Finland   34.00%
France   33.30%
Ireland   33.00%
Iceland   31.80%
Sweden   30.00%
Portugal   28.00%
UK   28.00%
Austria   27.50%
Slovak Rep.   25.00%
Norway   24.00%
Denmark   24.00%
Russia   20.00%
Serbia   20.00%
Cyprus   20.00%
Estonia   20.00%
Luxembourg   19.48%
Spain   19.00%
Ukraine   18.00%
Liechtenstein   17.01%
Hungary   15.00%
Lithuania   15.00%
Latvia   15.00%
Czech Rep.   15.00%
Albania   15.00%
Greece   15.00%
Belarus   13.00%
Malta   12.00%
Switzerland   11.50%
Bosnia & H.   10.00%
Slovenia   10.00%
Moldova   10.00%
Bulgaria   10.00%
Macedonia   10.00%
Montenegro   9.00%
Andorra   6.00%
Netherlands   1.62%
Romania   0.00%
Turkey   0.00%
Croatia   0.00%
Italy   0.00%
Germany   0.00%
Monaco   0.00%
Belgium   0.00%
Poland   0.00%



Europe: Capital gains taxes (%).

In arriving at effective capital gains tax rates, the Global Property Guide makes the following assumptions:

  • The property is directly and jointly owned by husband and wife;
  • They have owned it for 10 years;
  • It is their only source of capital gains in the country
  • It has appreciated in value by 100% over the 10 years to sale
  • The property was worth US$250,000 or 250,000 at purchase.
  • It is not their sole or principal residence.

These assumptions are critical. In many countries a holding period of less than 5 years results in capital gains being taxable. But a longer holding period often results in no capital gains tax being payable. For more details see the Data FAQ

Source: Global Property Guide Research, Contributing Accounting Firms


European statistics. European house price and other economic statistics vary in quality. It is often a surprise to non-Europeans to discover that swathes of this rich, highly developed continent are not covered by good housing statistics.

Northern European countries have generally good house price time-series. In particular, all the Scandinavian countries generate excellent house price statistics. In the Baltics the situation is improving rapidly. Latvia generates an official annual house price time-series, and the realtor Latio publishes a monthly index. Lithuania has no official house price or rents time-series, but the firm Inreal publishes annual prices and rents for Vilnius for a few years. Estonia has high-quality housing statistics, generated by the Statistical Office of Estonia (SOE). Data on house prices, house sales and construction activities, as well as general economics statistics are all available from the SOE.

Central Europe is mixed. German house price statistics are weak. France has very good statistics, the Netherlands has good data, Belgium and Austria have acceptable data. Spain has made giant strides, Portugal is weaker.

Southern Europe tends to have weak statistical data. There is a particular lack of housing statistics in Italy, Greece, and Turkey (though Italy has some private, for-sale, data generators).

Statistics in Eastern Europe are weak. Efforts are being made to change this, for instance Bulgaria began publishing a house price time-series in 2006. Aside from this, the Czech Republic has an official index, and in Poland, REAS Konsulting produces a for-sale index.


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