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Last Updated: Sep 12, 2006




Most of the year, the Senegal has a Californian climate. It has great beaches and a fast-growing tourist industry. Around 1.4 million tourists per annum visit Senegal, which has a population of only 10 million.

It has a reformist, democratic government, committed to bringing the country out of its years of socialism in a measured, reasonable manner. It has low inflation. It has a highly educated population, and is the web for much of West Africa.

Not surprisingly the housing market is doing well. “The housing market is flourishing, and transactions are taking place at an increasingly dizzying rate,” say M. Thierno Mamadou Kâne of the Notarial office Amadou Moustapha Ndiaye et Aida Diwara Diagne.

Foreigners can own property in Senegal. A note of caution: getting money out of Senegal can be difficult. Officially the Investment Code stipulates free transfer of capital. But in reality transfers to countries other than members of the West African Economic and Monetary Union are still subject to numerous requirements, controls, and authorizations. Also, opening a foreign exchange account requires approval of both the Central Bank and government.

Analysis of Senegal Residential Property Market »


RENTAL YIELDS
Last Updated: Dec 06, 2005



Rental yields are good in Dakar, and even higher on the coast.

A 250 square metre (sq. m.) apartment in Dakar would cost around US$320,000 to buy (or US$1,280 per sq. m.), and rent for around US$2,000 per month. This gives a yield of 7.5%.

As is usual in urban markets, smaller properties tend to yield rather more, while larger properties yield less.

Beachfront property costs are around the same, but the rentals achievable are higher. A 300 sq. m beachfront property might cost around US$320,000, but could rent for US$2,800 per month, giving a yield of 10.5%

Read Rental Yields  »



TAXES AND COSTS
Last Updated: Mar 25, 2013



Rental Income: Net income from leasing property is subject to tax at 20%. However, income tax is only selectively enforced, and tax officials are open to persuasion. As a local says, “I suggest that you declare a part - perhaps 30% of the rental received. Never declare too much, it draws attention to you.”

Capital Gains: Capital gains realized from the sale of developed and undeveloped land are taxed at a flat rate of 25%.

Inheritance: Inheritance tax is levied at different rates, depending on the relationship between the deceased and the heirs. Husbands, wives, and linear descendants are liable to pay 3% tax on their inheritance.

Residents: Residents are subject to income tax on their global income.

Read Taxes and Costs  »



BUYING GUIDE
Last Updated: Mar 25, 2013



Formally, the transaction costs of buying property are high, at 21.75% to 28.50%. However, in practice, fees are usually lower, because the property value is underdeclared. Typically, sellers only declare 30% of the actual value of property, reducing costs greatly.

The main costs are the stamp duty at 15%, and realtor’s fees which range from 5% to 8%.

Senegalese think in Euro. The currency is the CFA, issued by the Central Bank of West African States and pegged to the Euro at €1=CFA655.96.

Read Buying Guide  »



LANDLORD AND TENANT
Last Updated: Sep 12, 2006



Senegal rental market practice is pro-landlord.

Rent: Rents are decide solely by landlords, although in theory, they are fixed, based on the market value of the property.

Tenant Security: If the tenant refuses to leave at expiry of the contract and after thirty days notice, the case may be referred to court. The court is most likely to render judgment within one to three months.

Read Landlord and Tenant  »



ECONOMIC GROWTH
Last Updated: Sep 12, 2006


Not so smooth political transition

Senegal (pop. 11 million, GDP/cap US$872) was considered an integral part of France (sending representatives to the National Assembly) until independence in 1960. Then Leopold Senghor became first President of a one-party socialist republic. In 1974, he allowed multiple parties, and in 1981 handed over to a chosen successor, Abdou Diouf.

In March 2000, liberal centrist Abdoulaye Wade won the parliamentary elections, resulting in a power-sharing government. He went on to win the 2000 Presidential elections.

The decline of the economy under socialism had led to the emergence of his centrist movement. However when Wade had run for President in 1983 and in 1988, electoral fraud deprived him of victory and he was imprisoned. But after President Abdou Diouf made friendly overtures, Wade joined the government in 1991-2 and 1995-98.

He has since changed the constitution to reduce the powers of the presidency and to institute a system which is monocameral and effectively parliamentary. He has been pushing economic reform, privatization, and a much greater role for the market. Economic growth is recovering.

Inflation is low in Senegal, due to the country’s membership of the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO). The exchange rate is stable, as the CFA is pegged to the Euro.






  • High yields in Dakar & coast
  • Pro-landlord rental market
  • Currency controls exist
  • High rental income tax
  • High transaction costs
RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY FACTS
Price (sq.m): n.a. For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rental Yield: n.a. For a 120 sq. m. property, usually an apartment.
Rent/month: n.a. For a 120 sq. m. property.
Income Tax: n.a. Assumptions: Owners are a non-resident couple drawing US$ / €1,500 per month in rent, with no other local income.
Roundtrip Cost: 25.00% The total cost of buying and then reselling an apartment. Includes:

* all transaction taxes and charges:
* lawyers' and notaries' fees
* agents' fees

Assumptions: The buyers are non-resident foreigners. The apartment cost US$250,00 / €250,000.
Cap Gains Tax: 15.00% Assumptions: The property was bought for US$250,000 / €250,000, and sold 10 years later, after a 100% appreciation.
Landlord and Tenant Law: Pro-Landlord Rating is based on a detailed study of each country’s law and practice.


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